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Full text of "The discovery of New Brittaine. Began August 27, Anno Dom. 1650"

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Began August 27, Anno Dom. 1650. 




I S C O V E R Y 


,\l evv jDrittaine. 

Began Auguji 27. Anno Dom. 1650. 

( Edward Bland, Merchant. 

R J Abraham Woode, Captaine. 

^ | Sackford Brew/for. \ .-, , 

\ a- r> >(jentlemen. 

^ tL lias rennant, ) 

From Fort Henry, at the head of Appa- 
mattuck River in Virginia, to the Fals 
of Blandina, flrft River in New Brit- 
taine , which runneth Weft, being 
120. Mile South-weft, between 35. 
& 37 degrees, (a pleafant Country,) 
of temperate Ayre, and fertile Soyle. 


Printed by Thomas Harper for John Stephen/on , at the 
Sun below Ludgate. M.D C.L I. 

To the Reader. 

HO ever thou art that desirest the Advance- 
ment of Gods glory by conversion to of the 
Indicts, the Augmentation of the English 
Common-wealth, in extending its liberties ,• 
/ would advise thee to consider the present 
benefit and future profits that will arise in the wel setling Vir- 
ginia's Confines, especially that happy Country of New Brittaine, 
in the Latitude of 35. and 37. degrees, of more temperate Clymate 
then that the English now inhabite, abounding with great Rivers 
of long extent, and encompassing a great part, or most of Virginia's 
Continent ; a place so easie to be settled in, in regard that Horse 
and Cattle in foure or five dayes ?nay be conveyed for the benefit 
of Undertakers , and all inconveniencies avoyded which com- 

A 3 monly 

commonly attend New Plantations, being supplied with necessaries 
from the Neighbourhood of 'Virginia. 

That the Assembly of Virginia {as may be seene by their Order 
since my returne heereto procured) have conceived a hundred to 
be a sufficient force and competence for the establishment of that 
Country in which Tobacco will grow larger and more in quantity. 
Sugar Canes are supposed naturally to be there , or at least if 
implanted will undoubtedly flourish: For we brought with us 
thence extraordinary Canes of twenty five foot long and six inches 
round; there is also great store of fish, and the Inhabitants relate 
that there is plenty of Salt made to the Sunne without art ; 
Tobacco Pipes have beene seene among these Indians tipt with 
Silver, and they weare Copper Plates about their necks: They 
have two Crops of Indian Come yearely , whereas Virginia hath 
but one. What I write, is what I have proved; I cordially wish 
some more then private Spirits would take it into their considera- 
tion, so may it prove most advantagious to particular and pub- 
lick ends ; for which so prayeth, 

Your faithfull fervant, 

Edward Bland. 


O&ober 20. 1650. By the AiTembly. 

T is Ordered by the Grand Assembly, that 
according to the Petition of Mr. Edward 
Bland, Merchant, that he the sayd Bland, 
or any other be permitted to discover and 
seate to the Southward in any convenient 
place where they discover ; and that according to his Petition for 
furthering his Designes hee bee permitted to have correspondence 
with the Indians, and also receive the benevolence of the well- 
affected, and use all lawfull meanes for effecting thereof, provided 
that they secure themselves in effecting the sayd Designe with a 
hundred able men sufficiently furnished with Armes and Munition. 

John Corkes, Cler. Dom. Com. 


PAR ADISE was created a part of this Earth, and seated in 
the lower part of Eden or Mesopotamia, containing also a 
part of Shinar and Armenia ; it stands 35 degrees from the 
Equinoctiall, and 55 from the North- pole , in a temperate Cli- 
mate, full of excellent fruits, chiefly of Palme-trees without la- 
bour ; for whereinsoever the Earth, Nature, and the Sun can 
most vaunt that they have excelled, yet shall the Palme- tree be 
the greatest wonder of all their workes : This tree alone giveth 
unto man whatsoever his life beggeth at Natures hand. The like 
are also found both in the East and IV est- Indies as well as in 
Paradise, which Countries are also blessed with a perpetuall 
Spring and Summer, &c. 

By how much Adam exceeded all living men in perfection, 
by being the immediate worhnanship of God, by so much did that 
chosen, and particular Garden exceed all the parts of the Uni- 
versal! World in ivhich God had planted the Trees of Life, 
and Knowledge, Plants onely proper, and belonging to the Para- 
dise, and Garden, of so great a Lord. 

Rawleighs Marrow of Hiftory, Page 42. & 43. 



The Difcovery of New Brit aim. 

HI a 


UGUST 27. 1650. r^ £z^ Honor 
able Sir W. Berkly, Kt. being Governour 
and Captaine General! of Virginia, Edw. 
Bland Merck. Abraham Wood Capt. Elias 
Ponnant and Sackford Brewster Gent, 
foure Men, and one Indian named Pyancha, 
an Appamattuck for our Guide, with two servants, foure Horses 
and Provision, advanced from Fort Henry, lying on Appamat- 
tuck River at the fals, being a branch of James River, intending 
a South westerne Discovery. 

This day wee passed over a branch belonging to Blackwater 
lake, running South east into Chawan River; at that place wee 
were forced to unlade our Carriages by reason of the great raines 
lately fallen, which otherwise is very passable for foot, being 
firm gravelly ground in the bottome, and lieth from Fort Henry 
20. miles, and some 12. miles from this place we travelled unto 
a deepe River called the Nottaway Creeke some 1 00. paces over 
sandy bottomes (&. with a little labour may be made passeable) 
unto a Nottaway Town liyng some two miles from the River. 
Hither we came within night, and by reason of our suddaine 
approach and hallowing of Robert Farmer servant to Mr. Bland, 
the Inhabitants ran all away into the Woods, with their Women 
and Children ; therefore by us it was named Farmers Chase. 
After our arrivall there within a small space of time one Indian 
man appeared, and finding of us peaceable, and the white flag 
bore before us by our Guide whom they knew, he made a 

B hallow, 


hallow and the rest came in from their sculking holes like 
so many timerous Hares, and shewed us what curtesie they 
could. About two houres after came to us Oyeocker elder 
brother to Chounterounte one of the Nottaway Kings, who 
told us that his brother Chounterounte , and other of the Not- 
taway Kings would come to us next day by Noone, and 
that the day before Chounterounte and all his men had been 
a hunting, and it hapned that Chounterounte had shot one of 
his brothers in the leg, and that thereupon he was gone 
Downewards. We stayed untill next day at Noone but he 
came not, and then we journyed unto the Towne belonging 
unto Oyeocker, who kindly invited us thither, and told us he 
thought that Chounterounte would meet us there, and also of 
his owne accord proffered us to be our guide whithersoever 
we went. The Land generally to this Towne is Champion, 
very rich, and the Towne scituate in a rich levell, well tim- 
bered, watered, and very convenient for Hogs and Cattle. 

August 28. We journied with our new entertained Guide 
Oyeocker, lying betweene South, and South and by West, 
from the first Towne upon a very rich levell of Land : six- 
teen miles from this place we came unto the River Penna 
Mount, being another branch of Chawan River, eight miles 
on the South side it hath very rich Land and Corn-fields 
on both sides the River, and is about 200. paces wide, 
and runs out with elbowes: at the place of our passage over 
this River to this second Towne is shallow upon a Sandy 
Point, and with a very little labour may be made passe- 
able both for foot and horse, or any Carriage by Land, 


or pentator with small Boats, and some two miles higher there 
is a sound passage no deeper than a mans anckle: Within night 
came Chounterounte unto our Quarters frowning, and with a 
countenance noting much discontent, downe he sets, and lookes 
about him, salutes the English with a scornefull posture, and 
then our Appamattack Guide, and tels him, I am sorry for thee 
friend, thou wilt be knockt on the head ; after this some pause 
was made before any discourse, expecting the English would 
begin, but finding us slow, he thus spake: There was a 
Wainoake Indian told him that there was an Englishman a 
Cockarous hard by Captaine Floods, gave this Indian Bells, and 
other petty truck to lay downe to the Tuskarood King, and 
would have hired him to have gone with him, but the Wain- 
oakes. being doubtfull what to doe, went to Captaine Flood for 
advice, who advised them not to go, for that the Governour 
would give no licence to go thither ; heereupon Chounter- 
ounte was by us questioned, when and who it was that 
had told him so, & if he did know that Wainoake Indian, 
to which he answered doubtfully, and demanded of us whi- 
ther we did intend to go ; we told him the Tuskarood King 
had envited us to trade, and our Governour had ordered us 
to go, and speake with an Englishman amongst them, and 
to enquire for an English woman cast away long since, and 
was amongst those Nations. Chounterounte perswaded us 
to go no further, alleadging there was no English there, 
that the way was long, for passage very bad by reason 
of much raine that had lately fallen, and many rotten 
Marrishes and Swampps there was to passe over, in fine we 

A 2 found 

found him, and all his men very unwilling we should go any 
further ; but we told them, that let the waies and passages be 
never so bad, we were resolved to go through , and that we 
were not afraid of him nor his Nation, nor any other, for we 
intended no injury, and that we must go, for we were com- 
manded by our King; these words caused Chounterounte to 
assimulate a feare in his countenance, and after delivery of 
himselfe, at our going away next day, when we had mounted 
our Horses, Chounterounte came privately unto us, and in a 
most serious manner intimating unto us, that he loved us, 
and our Nation, and that he lively apprehended our danger, 
and that our safety concerned him, for if any accident hapned 
otherwise then good to us, he should be suspected to have a 
hand in it, and withall wished us to go no further, for that 
he certainly knew that the Nations we were to go through 
would make us away by treachery; we answered him, that we 
were not afraid to be killed, for that any one of us were able 
to deale with forty through the protection of our great God, 
for we were commanded by our King. 

August 29. We travelled from this second Town to Ma- 
harineck, eight miles upon barren Champion Lands, and six 
miles further is a branch that runnes South west, with rich 
Lands upon it; and from thence some sixe miles further, 
is a Brooke some hundred paces over, and runnes South 
and a little to the West, on both sides of the Creek : for 
fowre miles or thereabouts, is very rich Lands, well Tim- 
bered and Watered, and large dry Meadowes, South and by 
West : From this Creeke is another, some eight miles off, 


that opens it selfe into divers small Guts, made by the inun- 
dation of Freshes of Waters ; and the passage lies some two 
hundred paces from the Path, and this Creek is some ten 
miles from Maharinecke Towne, and was by us named New- 
combs Forrest. It was night when we enterd into Maharin- 
eck, where we found a House ready made for us of Matts ; 
and Corne stalkes layd in severall places for our Horses, 
the Inhabitants standing, according to their custome, to greet 
us : and after some discourse with their Werrowance , a 
Youth, to whom wee presented severall gifts, we certified 
them the cause of our comming was to Trade in way of 
friendship, and desired the great men that what Wares or 
Skins the Town did afford, might be brought to our Quar- 
ters next morning; and also a measure for Roanoak , which 
they promised should be done, and so left us to our selves 
a while, untill wee had refreshed our selves with such provi- 
sions as they had set before us , in most plentiful! maner ; 
and afterwards the great men and Inhabitants came, and per- 
formed divers Ceremonies, and Dancings before us, as they 
use to doe to their great Emperour Apachancana, when they 
entertain him in most solemne maner and friendship. 

August 30. Being wearied with our last dayes travell, we 
continued at Maharineck , and this day spake with a Tuska- 
rood Indian, who told us that the Englishman was a great 
way off at the further Tuskarood Towne, and wee hired this 
Turkarood Indian to run before, and tell his JVerrowance wee 
intended to lay him downe a present at Hocomowananck , and 
desired to have him meete us there, and also wrote to that 

A 3 effect 

effect to the Englishman in English, Latine, Spanish, French 
and Dutch, the Tuskarood promised in three dayes to meete 
us at Hocomawananck. In the afternoone came two Indians 
to our Quarters , one of whom the Mabarinecks told us was 
the IVerrowance of Hocomananck River, seemed very joy full 
that wee could goe thither, and told us the Tuskarood would 
have come to us to trade, but that the JVainoakes had spoken 
much to dishearten them from having any trade with the Eng- 
lish, and that they intended divers times to have come in, 
but were afraid, for the Wainoakes had told them that the 
English would kill them, or detaine them, and would not let 
them goe without a great heape of Roanoake middle high, 
to which we answered that the Wainoakes durst not affirme 
any such thing to our faces, and that they had likewise spoken 
much against the Tuskarood to the English, it being a common 
thing amongst them to villefle one another, and tell nothing 
but lies to the English. 

This day in the morning the Mabarineck great men spake 
to heare some of our guns go off: Whereupon we shot two 
guns at a small marke, both hitting it, and at so great a dis- 
tance of a hundred paces, or more, that the Indians admired 
at it : And a little before night the old King of Mabarineck 
came to us, and told us, that the people in the Towne were 
afraid when the guns went off, and ran all away into the 
Woods. This night also we had much Dancing. 

August 32. Wee went away from Mabarineck South 
East two miles to goe over Mabarineck River, which hath 
a bottome betweene two high land sides through which 


you must passe to get over, which River is about two 
hundred paces broad, and hath a high water marke after a 
fresh of at least twenty foot perpendicular by the trees 
in the breaches betweene the River, and the high land of 
the old fields. This River is the Southerly last and maine 
branch of Chawan River, and was by us named Woodford 
River, and runs to the Eastward of the South. On both 
sides of Wood 'ford River is very much exceeding rich Land, 
but especially on the further side towards Hocomawananck. 
Immediately after the passage over this River, are old In- 
dian fields of exceeding rich Land, that beare two Crops of 
Indian Corne a yeare, and hath timber trees above five foot 
over, whose truncks are a hundred foot in cleare timber, which 
will make twenty Cuts of Board timber a piece, and of these 
there is abundance. 

As also exceeding rich Land, full of great Reeds thrice as 
big as the largest Arrow Reeds we have about our Planta- 
tions ; this good Land continues for some six miles together 
unto a great Swampp, and then begins a pyny barren Champion 
Land with divers Branches and Pecosans, yet very passe- 
able, running South and by West, unto a deepe River some a 
hundred paces over, running South, and a little to the East, 
which River incloses a small Island which wee named Brew- 
sters Island, some eighteene miles from Woodford River due 
South, and by West, with very exceeding rich Land on both 
side of it for some sixe miles together, and this River we also 
named Brewsters River, it being the first branch of Hocomaw- 
ananck River : and a little lower downe as the River runs, is 


such another river as Chickahamine River (which is a mile 

After we had passed over this River we travelled some 
twenty miles further upon a pyny barren Champion Land to 
Hocomawananck River, South, and by West: some twelve 
miles from Brewsters River we came unto a path running crosse 
some twenty yards on each side unto two remarkeable Trees ; 
at this path our Appamattuck Guide made a stop, and cleared 
the Westerly end of the path with his foote, being demanded 
the meaning of it, he shewed an unwillingnesse to relate it, 
sighing very much : Whereupon we made a stop untill Oyeocker 
our other Guide came up, and then our Appamattuck Guide 
journied on ; but Oyeocker at his comming up cleared the other 
end of the path, and prepared himselfe in a most serious man- 
ner to require our attentions, and told us that many yeares 
since their late great Emperour Appachancano came thither 
to make a War upon the Tuskarood, in revenge of three of 
his men killed, and one wounded, who escaped, and brought 
him word of the other three murthered by the Hocomaw- 
ananck Indians for lucre of the Roanoake they brought with 
them to trade for Otter skins. There accompanyed Appa- 
chancano severall petty Kings that were under him, amongst 
which there was one King of a Towne called Pawbatan y 
which had long time harboured a grudge against the King 
of Chawan, about a yong woman that the King of Chawan 
had detayned of the King of Pawhatan : Now it hapned that 
the King of Chawan was invited by the King of Pawhatan 
to this place under pretence to present him with a Guift of 


some great vallew, and there they met accordingly, and the 
King of Pawhatan went to salute and embrace the King of 
Cbaiuan, and stroaking of him after their usuall manner, he 
whipt a bow string about the King of Chawans neck , and 
strangled him ; and how that in memoriall of this, the path is 
continued unto this day, and the friends of the Pawhatans 
when they passe that way, cleanse the Westerly end of the 
path, and the friends of the Chawans the other. And some two 
miles from this path we came unto an Indian Grave upon the 
East side of the path : Upon which Grave there lay a great 
heape of sticks covered with greene boughs, we demanded the 
reason of it, Oyeocker told us, that there lay a great man of 
the Chawans that dyed in the same quarrell, and in honour of 
his memory they continue greene boughs over his Grave to 
this day ; and ever when they goe forth to Warre they relate 
his, and other valorous, loyall Acts, to their yong men, to 
animate them to doe the like when occasion requires. Some 
foure miles from Hocomawananck is very rich Champian Land : 
It was night when we came to Hocomawananck River, and 
the Indian that came with us from Woodford River, and 
belonged to Hocomawananck, would have had us quartered 
upon the side of a great Swampp that had the advantage of 
severall bottomes of the Swampp on both sides of us, but 
we removed to take our advantage for safety, and retreate, 
in case any accident should happen, which at that time pro- 
mised nothing but danger, for our Guides began to be 
doubtfull, and told us, that the Hocomawananck Indians were 
very treacherous, and that they did not like their counte- 

B nances. 


nances , and shape well j this place we named Pyanchas Parke : 
about three houres after we had taken up our Quarters, 
some of the Inhabitants came, and brought us roasting eares, 
and Sturgeon, and the Hocomawananck Indian that came with 
us from Woodford River, came not unto us untill next day, 
but his Warrowance told us before wee came from Woodford, 
hee could not come untill that day at night. The next day 
morning after our comming to Hocomawananck the Inhabi- 
tants seemed to prepare us a house : But we about eight of 
the clock set forward to goe view the place where they killed 
Sturgeon ; which was some six miles from the place where 
we quartered by Pyanchas Parke, where there is a River Run- 
ning very deep South, exceeding deepe, and foure hundred 
paces broad. The high water marke of this River between 
both sides of the River perpendicular, from the top of the 
Banck to the River, is forty five foot upon a fresh ; this River 
was by us named Blandina River : from Pyanchas Parke to 
the place where they kill Sturgeon is six miles up the River 
running Northerly, and all exceeding rich Land: Both up- 
wards and downewards upon the River, at this place where they 
kill Sturgeon also are the Falls, and at the foot of these Falls 
also lies two Islands in a great Bay, the uppermost whereof 
Mr. Blande named Charles Island, and the lowermost Cap- 
taine Wood named Berkeley Island: on the further side of these 
Islands the Bay runs navigable by the two Islands sides : 
Charles Island is three miles broad, and foure miles long, and 
Berkeley Island almost as big, both in a manner impregnable, 
by nature being fortified with high Clefts of Rocky Stone, 



and hardly passeable, without a way cut through them, and 
consists all of exceeding rich Land, and cleare fields, where- 
in growes Canes of a foot about, and of one yeares growth 
Canes that a reasonable hand can hardly span ; and the In- 
dians told us they were very sweet, and that at some time of 
the yeare they did suck them, and eate them, and of those 
we brought some away with us. The Land over against 
Charles Island we named Blands Discovery , and the Land 
over against Berkeley Island we named Woods journy, and at 
the lower end of Charles Island lies a Bay due South from the 
said Island, so spatious that we could not see the other side of 
it: this bay we named Pennants Bay and in the River between 
Charles Island, and the maine Land lies a Rocky Point in the 
River, which Point comes out of Charles Island, and runs 
into the middle of the River: this Point we named Brewsters 
Point, and at this Point only, and no other is there any place 
passeable into Charles Island, and this Brewsters Point runs 
not quite from Charles Island to the maine Land, but when 
you come off the maine Land to the Rivers side, you must 
wade about fifty paces to come upon the Point, and if you 
misse the Point on either side, up or downe the River, you 
must swim, and the River runs very swift. Some three miles 
from the River side over against Charles Island is a place of 
severall great heapes of bones, and heere the Indian belonging 
to Blandina River that went along with us to the Fals, sat 
downe, and seemed to be much discontented , insomuch that 
he shed teares ; we demanded why these bones were piled 
up so curiously ? Oyeocker told us, that at this place Appachan- 

B 2 cano 


cano one morning with 400. men treacherously slew 240. of 
the Blandlna River Indians in revenge of three great men 
slaine by them, and the place we named Golgotha; as we 
were going to Blandina river we spake to Oyeocker our Guide 
to lead us the way, and he would not ; but asked our Appa- 
mattuck Guide why we did not get us gone, for the Inhabi- 
tants were jealous of us, and angry with us, and that the 
Runner we sent to the Tuskarood would not come at the day 
appointed, nor his King, but ran another way, and told the 
Indians that we came to cut them off; whereupon our Appa- 
mattuck Guide stepped forth, and frowning said, come along, 
we will go to sec the Falls, and so led the way, and also told 
us that the Woodford Indians lied, and that Indian that came to 
us, which the Woodford Indian said was the King of Blandina 
River, was not the Werrowance of Blandina River; whereupon 
we resolved to return (having named the whole Continent New 
Brittaine) another way into our old path that led to Brewsters 
River, and shot off no guns because of making a commotion, 
adding to the Natives feares. At Blandina River we had 
some discourse with our Appamattuck Guide concerning that 
River, who told us that that branch of Blandina River ran 
a great way up into the Country ; and that about three dayes 
journy further to the South-West, there was a far greater 
Branch so broad that a man could hardly see over it, and 
bended it selfe to the Northward above the head of James 
River, unto the foot of the great Mountaines, on which 
River there lived many people upwards, being the Occonacbeans 
and the Nessoneicks, and that where some of the Occonacbeans 


lived, there is an Island within the River three dayes journy 
about, which is of a very rich and fertile soile, and that the 
upper end of the Island is fordable, not above knee deepe, 
of a stony bottome, running very swift, and the other side 
very deepe and navigable: Also we found many of the people 
of Blandina River to have beards, and both there, and at 
Woodford River we saw many very old men, and that the 
Climate according to our opinions was far more temperate then 
ours of Virginia, and the Inhabitants full of Children ; they also 
told us that at the bottome of the River was great heapes of 
Salt; and we saw among them Copper, and were informed 
that they tip their pipes with silver, of which some have been 
brought into this Country, and 'tis very probable that there 
may be Gold, and other Mettals amongst the hils. 

September I. About noone from Woods Journey wee tra- 
velled some sixe miles North East, unto the old Path that 
leads to Breivsters River : within night we quartered on the 
other side of it, and kept good watch : this Path runnes from 
Woods Journey north and by East, and due North. 

September 2. In the morning about eight of the clocke, 
as every one was mounted, came to our quarters Occon- 
nosquay, sonne to the Tuskarood King, and another Indian 
whom he told was z Werrowance, and his Kinseman , with the 
Runner which wee had sent to the Tuskarood King, who 
was to meet us at Blandina River that night ; the Kings 
sonne told us that the English man would be at his house that 
night, a great way off; and would have had us gone backe 
with him, but we would not, and appointed him to meete 

B 3 us 


us at Woodford River where hee came not, wee having some 
suspition that hee came from Woodford River that night, 
and that our Runner had not beene where we had sent him, 
through some information of our Nottaway guide, which 
afterwards proved true, by the Relation of the Werrowance 
of Blandina River, whom about fowre howres after wee 
had parted with the Kings son, wee met on the way com- 
ming from Woodford River with a company of men, thinking 
he should have found us at Blandina River that nisht, ac- 
cording to his order and promise ; with whom falling into 
discourse, he told us that the King of the Tuskaroods son, and 
our Runner were the night before at Woodford River ; but 
the Kings son told us he came from Blandina River, and 
beyond, and hearing we were gone before he came, he had 
travelled all night from Blandina River to overtake us. This 
day about Noone we came to Woodford River Towne , and 
tarried there that night, we found the old Werrowance , and 
all his great men gone, yet had courteous quarter; but not 
without great grounds of suspition, and signes that they were 
angry at us: at our coming back to Woodford River we had 
information that some Spies of Wainoake had been there a 
little before we came, and that the King of Wainoake and Choun- 
terounte had sent Runners to all the Nations thereabouts , in- 
forming them that the English were come to cut them off, 
which we supposed to be some greater Polititians then Indian 
Consultations, who had some private ends to themselves, and 
minded nothing lesse then a publick good ; for we found that 
the Runner whom we imployed to carry our message to 


the Tuskarood King, ran to the Waynoakes, and he whom the 
Woodford Indians told us was the Werrowance of Biandina 
River, was a Woodford Indian, and no Werrowance, but done of 
purpose to get something out of us, and we had information that 
at that time there were other English amongst the Indians. 

September 3. By brealce of day we journied from Wood- 
ford River to a path some eight miles above Pennants Mount 
running North, and by East and North, North, East, which 
was done by the advice of our Appamattuck Guide, who 
told us that he was informed that some plots might be acted 
against us, if we returned the way that we came, for we 
told Chounterounte we would returne the same way againe : 
And this information our Guide told us he had from a woman 
that was his Sweet-heart belonging to Woodford River. This 
day we passed over very much rich, red, fat, marie Land, 
betweene Woodford River Towne, and the head of Pennants 
Mount, with divers Indian fields; the head of which River 
abounds much with great Rocks of Stone, and is two hun- 
dred paces over, and hath a small Island in it named Sack- 
fords Island. Betweene Pennants Mount River head, and the 
head of Farmers Chase River is very much exceeding rich, 
red, fat, marie land, and Nottaway and Schockoores old fields, 
for a matter of sixe miles together all the trees are blowne up 
or dead : Heere it began to raine, and some six miles further 
we tooke up our quarters, and it proved a very wet night. 
At the first other Nottaway old fields, we found the Inhabi- 
tants much perplexed about a gun that went off to the West- 
ward of them, the night before wee came thither, which 



our Appamattuck Guide conceived were the Wainoake Spies, 
set out there to prevent our Journyings, and we found severall 
Agers about the place where the Indians told us the gun went off. 
Septemb. 4. About 8 of the Clock we travelled North, North- 
East some six miles, unto the head of Farmers Chase River, 
where we were forced to swimm our horses over, by reason of 
the great rain that fell that night, which otherwise with a little 
labour may be made very passable. At this place is very great 
Rocky stones, fit to make Mill-stones, with very rich tracts of 
Land, and in some places between the head of Farmers Chase 
River and Black water Lake, is ground that gives very probable 
proofe of an Iron, or some other rich Mine. Some sixteen 
miles from Farmers Chase, North, and by East, and North, 
North East, lies Black water Lake, which hath very much rich 
land about it, and with little labour will be made very passable. 
From Black water Lake we did travell to the old fields of 
Manks Nessoneicks , and from thence some 12 miles N. N. East 
we came unto Fort Henry about the close of the Evening, all 
well and in good health, notwithstanding from the time we 
had spoken with Chounterounte at Pennants Mount, we every 
night kept a strickt watch, having our Swords girt, and our 
Guns and Pistols by us, for the Indians every night where we 
lay, kept a strict guard upon us. 

The Discoverers, viz. 

Mr. Edward Blande, Merchant. 

Abraham Wood, Captaine. 
Mr. Ellas Pennant. 
Mr. Sackford Brewjler. 

Robert Farmer, Servant to Mr. Blande. 
Henry Newcombe, Servant to Captaine Wood. 
f Oyeocker, a Nottaway Werrowance. 
\ Pyancha, an Appamattuck War Captaine. 


c^*****-* <&%//??>*****>' 


1 ?Discot)crg 



Began August 27, Anno Dom. 1650. 


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